太原配资

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孟浩然诗鉴赏

时间:2016-09-09 10:18:36本文内容及图片来源于读者投稿,如有侵权请联系xuexila888@qq.com 淑贤

  孟浩然诗风清新自然,为后世所崇奉。仅在唐代,生前酬赠或死后哀祭孟浩然诗歌,皆能道出孟诗清新自然的审美特质,并为其所折服和传诵,足见孟诗淡远之致。下面就是学习啦小编给大家整理的孟浩然诗鉴赏,希望大家喜欢。

孟浩然诗鉴赏

  孟浩然诗鉴赏一:秋宵月下有怀

  CHAODAI:TANGDAI

  ZUOZHE:MENGHAORAN

  YUANWEN:

  QIUKONGMINGYUEXUAN,GUANGCAILUZHANSHI。JINGQUEQIWEIDING,FEIYINGJUANLIANRU。

  TINGHUAIHANYINGSHU,LINCHUYESHENGJI。JIAQIKUANGHEXU,WANGWANGKONGZHULI。

  鉴赏

  DIYI,ERJU“QIUKONGMINGYUEXUAN,GUANGCAILUZHANSHI”,JIWEIPINGDANDEWENBIGOULECHUYIFUGUQINGMINGYUETU,CISHIDEMINGYUEHENSHIJIJING,GANXINXUANYUQIUKONG,YEBUBADAO,ZHISHIJIANGGUANGCAIZHAODAOJINGYINGDELUSHUISHANG,ZHEIBUSHIYIZHONGXUANYAO,ERSHIYIZHONGDANRUSHUIDEGUANHUAI,JIURUSHIRENYUMINGYUEYOUZHEYICENGWEIMIAODEGUANXI。

  DISAN,SIJU“JINGQUEQIWEIDING,FEIYINGJUANLIANFEI”,ZHEISHIJIHAODEDONGTAIMIAOXIE,HUANGCHENGHUANGKONGDEQUERENGMEIYOUZHAODAOZIJIDEZHUCHU,ERFEIYINGZAOSISUIDENGGUANGFEIRENXUNZHAOTADEJITUO。ZHEISHIDUIBIDEMIAOXIE,ZAICIXIEFAZHIXIA,ZHENQIEDIGANSHOUDAOJINGQUEDEPANGHUANGYUKONGJU,SHIRENZHENGYERUTA,ZAIZHONGRENHUANJUDEYEWANQUEBUZHIHEQUHECONG,YOUDELIULIANPAIHUAI。

  ERDIWU,LIUJU“TINGHUAIHANYINGSHU,LINCHUYESHENGJI”GENGSHIJIASHENLEZHEIYIGUQINGDEYIJING,ZAITINGYUANZHONGXISHUDESHUYINGZHONG,ZAILINJIAJIJIDEYECHUSHENGZHONG,TAGENGXIANDEXINGDANYINGZHI,GUZISHENCHUDEGUDUGENGSHIWUCHUTAOYI,QUANBUYONGSHANGXINTOU,QIANGLIEERHANXU。

太原配资   YUSHISHIRENZAIYEYIZHIBUZHU,FACHULEDIQIJUDE“JIAQIKUANGHEXU”DEGANTAN,YIHOUBIANSHIZUIHOUYIJUDE“WANGWANGKONGZHULI”。LENGQINGQILIANGDETINGYUANLI,WEIYOUTAYIRENJIUJIUZHULI、CHENMO,BUYUANLIQU。MIAOHUILEYIFUQILIANGYOULENGDEHUANJINGXIA,YIRENGUDANZHIYINGYUANWANGDEHUAMIAN。

太原配资   TONGDUZHENGPIAN,FAXIANBINGWURENHEYONGCIXINQIZHICHU,DANMIAOJIUMIAOZAIZHEIYIJINGDECHENGGONGYINGZAO。SHIRENYILIUSHUIBANLIUCHANGDEWENBI,YI“MINGYUE”“JINGQUE”“HANYING”DENGYIZUYIXIANGHUACHULEYIFUBIEYANGDEGUQINGYUEYETU。CHANGYANGQIZHONG,NENGQINGCHUDIKANJIANTADESIHEN,CHUMODAOTATIAOYUEDEWENSI,TINGDAOTADETANXI。

  孟浩然诗鉴赏二:夏日南亭怀辛大

  CHAODAI:TANGDAI

  ZUOZHE:MENGHAORAN

  YUANWEN:

  SHANGUANGHUXILUO,CHIYUEJIANDONGSHANG。

太原配资   SANFACHENGXILIANG,KAIXUANWOXIANCHANG。

  HEFENGSONGXIANGQI,ZHULUDIQINGXIANG。

  YUQUMINGQINDAN,HENWUZHIYINSHANG。

  GANCIHUAIGUREN,ZHONGXIAOLAOMENGXIANG。(ZHONGXIAO YIZUO:ZHONG)

  鉴赏

  此诗载于《全唐诗》卷一百五十九。下面是四川诗词学会理事、四川大学文学与新闻学院教授周啸天对此诗的赏析。

太原配资   MENGHAORANSHIDETESESHI“YUJINGRUYONG,BUJUQIJUEYI”(PIRIXIU),SUIZHIJIUXIANQINGYIZHIZUOQINGMIAODANXIE,WANGWANGNENGYINRENJIANRUJIAJING。《XIARINANTINGHUAIXINDA》JIUSHIYOUDAIBIAOXINGDEMINGPIAN。

太原配资   SHIDENEIRONGKEFENLIANGBUFEN,JIXIEXIAYESHUITINGNALIANGDEQINGSHUANGXIANSHI,TONGSHIYOUBIAODADUIYOURENDEHUAINIAN。“SHANGUANGHUXILUO,CHIYUEJIANDONGSHANG”,KAIPIANJIUSHIYUJINGRUYONG,XIWEIQUEBUZHISHIJIANDANXIEJING,TONGSHIXIECHUSHIRENDEZHUGUANGANSHOU。“HU”、“JIAN”ERZIYUNYONGZHIMIAO,ZAIYUTAMENBUDANCHUANDACHUXIYANGXIXIAYUSUYUEDONGSHENGJIRENSHIJIDEGANJUE(YIKUAIYIMAN);ERQIE,“XIARI”KEWEIER“HU”LUO,MINGYUEKEAIER“JIAN”QI,ZHIBIAOXIANCHUYIZHONGXINLIDEKUAIGAN。“CHI”ZIBIAOMING“NANTING”BANGSHUI,YIFEIXUSHE。

太原配资   JINSHUITINGTAI,BUJIN“XIANDEYUE”,ERQIESHIXIANTUILIANGDE。SHIRENMUYUZHIHOU,DONGKAITINGHU,“SANFA”BUSHU,KAOCHUANGERWO,SHIRENXIANGQITAOQIANDEYIDUANMINGYAN:“WULIUYUEZHONGBEICHUANGXIAWO,YULIANGFENGZANZHI,ZIWEISHIXIHUANGSHANGREN。”(《YUZIYANDENGSHU》)SANSIJUBUDANXIECHUYIZHONGXIANQING,TONGSHIYEXIECHUYIZHONGSHIYI——LAIZISHENXINLIANGFANGMIANDEKUAIGAN。

  进而,诗人从嗅觉、听觉两方面继续写这种快感:“荷风送香气,竹露滴清响。”荷花的香气清淡细微,所以“风送”时闻;竹露滴在池面其声清脆,所以是“清响”。滴水可闻,细香可嗅,使人感到此外更无声息。诗句太原配资表达的境界宜乎“一时叹为清绝”(沈德潜《唐诗别裁》)。写荷以“气”,写竹以“响”,而不及视觉形象,恰是夏夜给人的真切感受。

太原配资   “ZHULUDIQINGXIANG”,NEIYANGYUEERQINGXIN。ZHEITIANLAISIDUISHIRENYOUSUOCHUDONG,SHITAXIANGDAOYINLE,“YUQUMINGQINDAN”LE。QIN,ZHEIGUYAPINGHEDELEQI,ZHIYIZAITIANDANXIANSHIDEXINJINGZHONGDANZOU。JUSHUOGURENDANQIN,XIANDEMUYUFENXIANG,PINGQUZANIAN。ERNANTINGNALIANGDESHIRENCIKE,YIZIRANJINRUZHEIZHONGXINJING,ZHENGYICAOQIN。“YUQU”ERWEIQU,SHUSHIERBUNIDONGDAN,DANXIANGXIANGYEZIYOUYIFANLEQU。BULIAOQUEYOU“MINGQIN”ZHIXIANGQIANREQIYICENGDANDANDECHANGWANG。XIANGPINGJINGDEJINGSHUIQILEYIZHENWEILAN。XIANGCHUANCHURENZHONGZIQITONGXIAOYINLV。BOYAGUQIN,ZHIZAIGAOSHAN,ZIQIPINDAO:“EEXIRUOTAISHAN”;ZHIZAILIUSHUI,ZIQIPINDAO:“YANGYANGXIRUOLIUSHUI。”ZIQISIERBOYAJUEXIAN,BUFUYANZOU。(JIAN《LVSHICHUNQIU·BENWEI》)ZHEIJIUSHI“ZHIYIN”DECHUDIAN。YOUJINGJIEDEQINGYOUJUESUERXIANGDAODANQIN,YOUDANQINXIANGDAO“ZHIYIN”,ERSHENGCHU“HENWUZHIYINSHANG”DEQUEHAN,ZHEIJIUZIRANERRANDIYOUSHUITINGNALIANGGUODUDAOHUAIRENSHANGLAI。

太原配资   CISHI,SHIRENSHIDUOMEXIWANGYOUPENGYOUZAISHENBIAN,XIANHUAQINGTAN,GONGDULIANGXIAO。KERENQIBULAI,ZIRANHUISHENGCHUCHOUCHANG。“HUAIGUREN”DEQINGXUYIZHIDAIDAOSHUIXIAYIHOU,JINRUMENGXIANG,JURANHUIJIANLEQINAIDEPENGYOU。SHIYIYOUQINGDEMENGJINGJIESHU,JIYOUYUWEI。

太原配资   MENGHAORANSHANYUBUZHUOSHENGHUOZHONGDESHIYIGANSHOU。CISHIBUGUOXIEYIZHONGXIANSHIZIDEDEQINGQU,JIANDAIDIANWUZHIYINDEGANKAI,BINGWUSHIFENHOUZHONGDESIXIANGNEIRONG;RANERXIEGEZHONGGANJUEXINIRUWEI,SHIWEIANGRAN。WENZIRUXINGYUNLIUSHUI,CENGDIZIRAN,YOUJINGJIYIERDAYUHUNRANYITI,JIFUYUYUNWEI。SHIDEXIEFASHANGYOUXISHOULEJINTIDEYINLV、XINGSHIDEZHANGCHU,ZHONGLIUJUSIDUIFEIDUI,JUYOUSUPODEXINGSHIMEI;ERSONGDUQILAIXIEYUCHUNWEN,YOU“YOUJINSHIGONGSHANGZHISHENG”(YANYU《CANGLANGSHIHUA》)。

  孟浩然诗鉴赏三:春晓

  CHAODAI:TANGDAI

  ZUOZHE:MENGHAORAN

  YUANWEN:

  CHUNMIANBUJUEXIAO,CHUCHUWENTINIAO。

  YELAIFENGYUSHENG,HUALUOZHIDUOSHAO。

  鉴赏

  《CHUNXIAO》ZHEISHOUXIAOSHI,CHUDUSIJUEPINGDANWUQI,FANFUDUZHI,BIANJUESHIZHONGBIEYOUTIANDI。TADEYISHUMEILIBUZAIYUHUALIDECIZAO,BUZAIYUQIJUEDEYISHUSHOUFA,ERZAIYUTADEYUNWEI。ZHENGSHOUSHIDEFENGGEJIUXIANGXINGYUNLIUSHUIYIYANGPINGYIZIRAN,RANERYOUYUANSHENHOU,DUZHENMIAOJING。QIANBAINIANLAI,RENMENCHUANSONGTA,TANTAOTA,FANGFOZAIZHEIDUANDUANDESIXINGSHILI,YUNHANZHEKAIJUEBUWANDEYISHUBAOZANG。

  ZIRANERWUYUNZHI,ZELIUYUQIANBO;RUOWUQIFU,BIANSHIZHIPINGZHI。《CHUNXIAO》JIYOUYOUMEIDEYUNZHI,XINGWENYOUQIFUDIEDANG,SUOYISHIWEICHUNYONG。SHIRENYAOBIAOXIANTAXIAICHUNTIANDEGANQING,QUEYOUBUSHUOJIN,BUSHUOTOU,“YINGFENGHUBANKAI”,RANGDUZHEQUZHUOMO、QUCAIXIANG,CHUCHUBIAOXIANDEYINXIUQUZHE。

  “QINGZAICIWAIYUEYIN,ZHUANGYIMUQIANYUEXIU。”(ZHANGJIE《SUIHANTANGSHIHUA》YIN)XIEQING,SHIRENXUANQULEQINGCHENSHUIQISHICHANEIJIANDEGANQINGPIANDUANJINXINGMIAOXIE。ZHEIPIANDUAN,ZHENGSHISHIRENSIXIANGHUODONGDEQISHIJIEDUAN、MENGYAJIEDUAN,SHINENGGOURANGRENXIANGXIANGTAGANQINGFAZHANDEZUIFUYUSHENGFAXINGDEQINGKE。SHIRENZHUAZHULEZHEIYICHANEI,QUEYOUBINGBUPUZHANKAIQU,TAZHISHIXIANGDUZHETOULUCHUTADEXINJI,BADUZHEYINXIANGTAGANQINGDEGUIDAO,JIUSASHOUBUGUANLE,SHENGXIADE,GAIYOUDUZHEYANZHESHIRENSIWEIDEFANGXIANGQUFENGFUHEBUCHONGLE。XIEJING,TAYOUZHIXUANQULECHUNTIANDEYIGECEMIAN。CHUNTIAN,YOUMIRENDESECAI,YOUZUIRENDEFENFANG,SHIRENDOUBUQUXIE。TAZHISHICONGTINGJUEJIAODUZHEBI,XIECHUNZHISHENG:NEICHUCHUTINIAO,NEIXIAOXIAOFENGYU。NIAOSHENGWANZHUAN,YUEERDONGTING,SHIMEIDE。JIASHANG“CHUCHU”ERZI,ZHOUJIUQILUO,YUANJINYINGHE,JIUGENGSHIRENYOUZHISHENSHANYINDAOSHANG,YINGJIEBUXIAZHIGAN。CHUNFENGCHUNYU,FENFENSASA,DANZAIJINGMIDECHUNYE,ZHEISHASHASHENGXIANGQUEYERANGRENXIANGJIANNEIRUYANSIMENGBANDEQIMIYIJING,HEWEIYUHOUDEZHONGHUIXINZI。ZHEIXIEDOUZHISHISHIRENZAISHINEIDEERWEN,RANERZHEIZHENZHENCHUNSHENGQUEDOULULEWUBIANCHUNSE,BADUZHEYINXIANGLEGUANGKUODEDAZIRAN,SHIDUZHEZIJIQUXIANGXIANG、QUTIWEINEIYINGZHUANHUAXIANGDELANMANCHUNGUANG,ZHEISHIYONGCHUNSHENGLAIXUANRANHUWAICHUNYINAODEMEIHAOJINGXIANG。ZHEIXIEJINGWUSHIHUOPOTIAOYUEDE,SHENGJIBOBODE。TAXIECHULESHIRENDEGANSHOU,BIAOXIANLESHIRENNEIXINDEXIYUEHEDUIDAZIRANDEREAI。

太原配资   SONGRENYESHAOWENG《YOUYUANBUZHI》SHIZHONGDE“CHUNSEMANYUANGUANBUZHU,YIZHIHONGXINGCHUQIANGLAI”,SHIGUJINCHUANSONGDEMINGJU。QISHI,ZAIXIEFASHANGSHIYU《CHUNXIAO》YOUGONGTONGZHICHUDE。YESHISHITONGGUOSHIJUEXINGXIANG,YOUSHENCHUQIANGWAIDEYIZHIHONGXING,BARENYINRUQIANGNEI、RANGRENXIANGXIANGQIANGNEI;MENGSHIZESHITONGGUOTINGJUEXINGXIANG,YOUZHENZHENCHUNSHENGBARENYINCHUWUWAI、RANGRENXIANGXIANGWUWAI。ZHIYONGDANDANDEJIBI,JIUXIECHULEQINGFANGHAO、YUYIQIDEFANSHENGCHUNYI。LIANGSHIDOUBIAOMING,NEIANGRANDECHUNYI,ZISHIZUDANGBUZHUDE,NIKAN,TABUSHICHONGPOLEWEIQIANGWUBI,ZHANXIANZAINIDEYANQIAN、YINGHUIZAINIDEERJILEMA?

  施补华曰:“诗犹文也,忌直贵曲。”(《岘佣说诗》)这首小诗仅仅四行二十个字,写来却曲屈通幽,回环波折。首句破题,“春”字点明季节,写春眠的香甜。“不觉”是朦朦胧胧不知不觉。在这温暖的春夜中,诗人睡得真香,以至旭日临窗,才甜梦初醒。流露出诗人爱春的喜悦心情。次句写春景,春天早晨的鸟语。“处处”是指四面八方。鸟噪枝头,一派生机勃勃的景象。“闻啼鸟”即“闻鸟啼”,古诗为了押韵,词序作了适当的调整。三句转为写回忆,诗人追忆昨晚的潇潇春雨。末句又回到眼前,联想到春花被风吹雨打、落红遍地的景象,由喜春翻为惜春,诗人把爱春和惜春的情感寄托在对落花的叹息上。爱极而惜,惜春即是爱春──那潇潇春雨也引起了诗人对花木的担忧。时间的跳跃、阴晴的交替、感情的微妙变化,都很富有情趣,能给人带来无穷兴味。

  《CHUNXIAO》DEYUYANPINGYIQIANJIN,ZIRANTIANCHENG,YIDIANYEKANBUCHURENGONGDIAOZHUODEHENJI。ERYANQIANYINONG,JINGZHENQINGZHEN,JIUXIANGSHICONGSHIRENXINLINGSHENCHULIUCHUDEYIGUQUANSHUI,JINGYINGTOUCHE,GUANZHUZHESHIRENDESHENGMING,TIAODONGZHESHIRENDEMAIBO。DUZHI,RUYINCHUNLAO,BUJUEZIZUI。SHIRENQINGYUJINGHUI,MIDEDAZIRANDEZHENQU,DAZIRANDESHENSUI。“WENZHANGBENTIANCHENG,MIAOSHOUOUDEZHI”,ZHEISHIZUIZIRANDESHIPIAN,SHITIANLAI。

  
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