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李白《登金陵凤凰台》

时间:2015-12-18 08:51:08本文内容及图片来源于读者投稿,如有侵权请联系xuexila888@qq.com 适佳

  《登金陵凤凰台》是唐代伟大诗人李白太原配资登金陵凤凰台而创作的怀古抒情之作。全诗八句五十六字,以登临凤凰台时的所见所感而起兴唱叹。学习啦小编为大家整理了这首作品的全文和意思,希望大家喜欢。

  《登金陵凤凰台》

  ZUOZHE:LIBAI

太原配资   FENGHUANGTAISHANGFENGHUANGYOU,FENGQUTAIKONGJIANGZILIU。

  WUGONGHUACAOMAIYOUJING,JINDAIYIGUANCHENGGUQIU。

太原配资   SANSHANBANLUOQINGTIANWAI,ERSHUIZHONGFENBAILUZHOU。

  ZONGWEIFUYUNNENGBIRI,ZHANGANBUJIANSHIRENCHOU。

  《登金陵凤凰台》意思:

  FENGHUANGTAISHANGCENGJINGYOUFENGHUANGNIAOLAIZHEILIYOUQI,ERJINFENGHUANGNIAOYIJINGFEIZOULE,ZHILIUXIAZHEIZUOKONGTAI,BANZHEJIANGSHUI,RENGJINGZIDONGLIUBUXI。DANGNIANHUALIDEWUWANGGONGDIANJIQIZHONGDEQIANHUABAICAO,RUJINDOUYIMAIMEIZAIHUANGLIANGYOUPIDEXIAOJINGZHONG,JINDAIDEDAGUANXIANGUIMEN,JIUSUANCENGJINGYOUGUOHUIHUANGDEGONGYE,RUJINYEZHANGMIANYUGUFENLILE,ZAOYIHUAWEIYIPOUHUANGTU。WOZHANZAITAISHANG,KANZHEYUANCHUDESANSHAN,YIRANSONGLIZAIQINGTIANZHIWAI,BAILUZHOUBAQINHUAIHEGECHENGLIANGTIAOSHUIDAO。TIANSHANGDEFUYUNSUIFENGPIAODANG,YOUSHIBATAIYANGZHEZHU,SHIWOKANBUJIANZHANGANCHENG,ERBUJINGANDAOFEICHANGYOUCHOU。

李白《登金陵凤凰台》

  《登金陵凤凰台》注释:

太原配资   1、WUGONG:SANGUOSHISUNWUCENGYUJINLINGJIANDOUZHUGONG。

太原配资   2、JINDAI:ZHIDONGJIN,NANDUHOUYEJIANDOUYUJINLING。

太原配资   3、YIGUAN:ZHIDESHIDONGJINWENXUEJIAGUOPUDEYIGUANZHONG。XIANJINRENGZAINANJINGXUANWUHUGONGYUANNEI。

  4、CHENGGUQIU:JINMINGDIDANGNIANWEIGUOPUXIUJIANDEYIGUANZHONGHAOHUAYISHI,RANERDAOLETANGCHAOSHIRENLAIKANDESHIHOU,YIJINGCHENGWEIYIGEQIUHELE。XIANJINZHEILIBEICHENGWEIGUOPUDUN,WEIYUNANJINGXUANWUHUGONGYUANNEI

太原配资   5、SANSHAN:SHANMING。JINSANSHANJIEWEIQIJIUZHI,MINGCHUZHUYUANZHANGZHUCHENGSHI,JIANGCHENGNANDESANZUOWUMINGXIAOSHANYEWEIZAILECHENGZHONG。ZHEISANZUOSHANZHENGHAODANGZHULECONGCHENGBEITONGXIANGNANMEN──JUBAOMENDEQULU。QIAFENGDANGSHIZHENGZAICHENGDONGYANQUEHUXIUZHUGONGCHENG,YUSHIJIANGZHEISANZUOSHANTIANJINLEYANQUEHU。SANSHANWAPINGHOU,ZAISHANJIXIULEYITIAOJIEDAO,QUMINGWEISANSHANJIE。

太原配资   6、BANLUOQINGTIANWAI:XINGRONGJIYUAN,KANBUDAQINGCHU。

太原配资   7、ERSHUI:YIZUO“YISHUI”。ZHIQINHUAIHELIUJINGNANJINGHOU,XIRUZHANGJIANG,BEIHENGJIEQIJIANDEBAILUZHOUFENWEIERZHI。BAILUZHOU:GUDAIZHANGJIANGZHONGDESHAZHOU,ZHOUSHANGDUOJIBAILU,GUMING。JINYIYULUDIXIANGLIAN。WEIYUJINNANJINGSHISHUIXIMENWAI,YIPIWEIBAILUZHOUGONGYUAN,SHINANJINGCHENGNANDIQUZUIDADEGONGYUAN。GAIYUANZAIMINGCHAOCHUNIANSHIKAIGUOYUANXUNZHONGSHANWANGXUDAJIAZUDEBIEYE,GUCHENGWEIXUTAIFUYUANHUOXUZHONGSHANYUAN。HOUXUDAHOUYIXUTIANCIJIANGGAIYUANKUOJIANCHENGDANGSHINANJING“ZUIDAERXIONGSHUANG”DEYUANLIN,QUMINGWEIDONGYUAN。GAIYUANCHENGWEIYUANZHUYUWANGSHIZHEN、WUCHENGENDENGXUDUOZHUMINGWENRENSHIJIUHUANHUIDEYAJIZHISUO。MINGWUZONGNANXUNSHI,CENGMUMINGDAOGAIYUANSHANGJINGDIAOYU。RUQINGYIHOU,YINBUDUANSHOUDAOZHANHUOYURENWEIDEPOHUAI,YIZHIJINGWUDIAOLING,YUANLINXIAOSE,YIDAIMINGYUANYICHENGYIZHI。MINGUOQIJIAN,NANJINGSHIZHENGFUYU1929NIANJIANGGAICHUJIANWEI“BAILUZHOUGONGYUAN”。ZHIRIWEIQIJIANYOUZAOCUICAN,GONGYUANLUNWEIYIPIANFEIXU。

  8、BAILUZHOU:GUDAIZHANGJIANGZHONGSHAZHOU,ZAINANJINGSHUIXIMENWAI,YINDUOJUBAILUERDEMING。

太原配资   9、FUYUNBIRI:YUJIANXIEZHIZHANGBIXIANLIANG。BIYUCHANCHENDANGDAO。FUYUN:LUJIA《XINYU·CHAZHENG》:“XIECHENZHIBIXIAN,YOUFUYUNZHIZHANGRIYUEYE。”

  《登金陵凤凰台》写作背景:

太原配资   《DENGJINLINGFENGHUANGTAI》SHILIBAIJIZHONGWEISHUBUDUODEQIYANLVSHIZHIYI。CISHIYISHUOSHITIANBAO(TANGXUANZONGNIANHAO,742~756)NIANJIAN,ZUOZHEFENGMING“CIJINHAISHAN”,BEIPAIJILIKAIZHANGAN,NANYOUJINLINGSHISUOZUO;YISHUOSHIZUOZHELIUFANGYELANGYUSHEFANHUIHOUSUOZUO。“FENGHUANGTAI”ZAIJINLINGFENGHUANGSHANSHANG,XIANGCHUANNANCHAOLIUSONGYONGJIANIANJIANYOUFENGHUANGJIYUCISHAN,NAIZHUTAI,SHANHETAIYEYOUCIDEMING。

  《登金陵凤凰台》鉴赏:

  《DENGJINLINGFENGHUANGTAI》SHITANGDAIDELVSHIZHONGKUAIZHIRENKOUDEJIEZUO。KAITOULIANGJULIBAIYIFENGHUANGTAIDECHUANSHUOQIBILUOMO,YONGYIBIAODADUISHIKONGBIANHUANDEGANKAI。“FENGHUANGTAISHANGFENGHUANGYOU,FENGQUTAIKONGJIANGZILIU”,ZIRANERRAN,MINGKUAICHANGSHUN;SUIRANSHISIGEZIZHONGLIANYONGLESANGE“FENG”ZI,DANSIHAOBUSHIRENXIANQIZHONGFU,GENGMEIYOUCHANGJIANYONGSHISHIDENEIZHONGKEBAN、SHENGYINGDEMAOBING。FENGHUANGTAIWEIDIDIAN,ZAIJIUJINLINGCHENGZHIXINAN。JU《JIANGNANTONGZHI》ZAI:“FENGHUANGTAIZAIJIANGNINGFUCHENGNEIZHIXINANYU,YOUYOUPOTUO,SHANGKEDENGLAN。SONGYUANJIASHILIUNIAN,YOUSANNIAOXIANGJISHANJIAN,WENCAIWUSE,ZHUANGRUKONGQUE,YINSHENGXIEHE,ZHONGNIAOQUNFU,SHIRENWEIZHIFENGHUANG。QITAIYUSHAN,WEIZHIFENGHUANGSHAN,LIYUEFENGHUANGLI。”LIBAIYONG“FENGHUANGTAI”BUSHIYIBANYIYISHANGDEDENGLINSHUHUAI,ERSHIBIEYOUJIZHU。CONGYUANGUSHIDAIKAISHI,FENGHUANGBIANYIZHIBEIRENWEIYOUXIANGRUIDEYIYI,BINGQIEYUSHEHUIDEFAZHANYOUGUAN:MEIHAODESHIDAI,FENGHUANGNIAOZECONGTIANERJIANG,YIPIANTIANLAIZHISHENG。YINCI,FENGHUANGNIAODECHUXIAN,DUOBANXIANSHIZHECHENGSONGDEYIYI。RANERLIBAIZAIZHEILISHOUXIANDIANCHUFENGHUANG,QUEQIAQIAXIANGFAN:TASUOSHUFAZESHIYOUFANHUAYISHI,SHENGSHINANZAI,WEIYOUSHANSHUIZHANGCUNSUOSHENGFACHUDEWUXIANGANKAI。YINLAIFENGHUANGDEYUANJIASHIDAIYIJINGYONGYUANDEGUOQULE,FANHUADELIUCHAOYEYIJINGYONGYUANDEGUOQULE,ZHISHENGXIAHAOHANDEZHANGJIANGZHISHUIYUWEIEDEFENGHUANGZHISHANYIJIUSHENGSHENGBUXI。

  SANSIJUDE“WUGONGHUACAOMAIYOUJING,JINDAIYIGUANCHENGGUQIU”,CONG“FENGQUTAIKONG”DEBIANHUASHIKONGRUSHOU,JIXUSHENRUKAIJUEQIZHONGDEQISHIYIYI。“SHENGZIDANGRUSUNZHONGMOU”DEWUDADI,FENGLIUTITANGDELIUCHAORENWU,YIJIZHONGDUODETONGZHIZHE,TAMENDOUYIJINGBEIMAIRUFENMU,CHENGWEILISHIDECHENJI;JIULIANNEIWEIEDEGONGDIANYEYIJINGHUANGWUPOBAI,YIPIANDUANBICANYUAN。XUANHEYUFANHUABINGMEIYOULIUJILISHIKEYIZHIDEJINIANDEDONGXI。ZHEILIHANYUNZHELIBAIDUTEDELISHIGANKUI。NEIXIE“TOUGUXIAOGUREN,LINHAODETIANHE”YU“GONGGAOBUSHOUSHANG,ZHANGYIGUIGUYUAN”DEGAOSHI、ZHEREN,HUODELELIBAITESHUDEZUNJING。TONGSHI,LIBAIGANYUMIAOSHIFENGJIANZHIXU,DAPOCHUANTONGOUXIANGDEJINGSHENSHUFU,YIZHIYUQINGYAOSHUN,XIAOKONGQIU,PINGJIAOZHUHOU,ZHANGYIWANCHENG。SUOYI,LIBAIDUIZHEIXIEDIWANGDEXIAOSHI,CHUQUYINQIYIXIEGANKAIZHIWAI,MEIYOUSIHAOWANXI。NEIME,DANGTABALISHIYANGUANGJUJIAOZAINEIXIEDIWANGSHENSHANGDESHIHOU,MIESHIDETAIDUSHIXIANERYIJIAN。HUACAOPENGBO,TIANDIYIJIU,YIQIEDOUANZHAOGUILVBIANHUAFAZHANZHE。ZHEIJIUSHILISHI,ZHEIJIUSHIQIANGUDEXINGWANG。

  “三山半落青天外,二水中分白鹭洲”,接下二句表现出李白没有让自己的思想完全沉浸在对历史的凭吊当中,而把深邃的目光投向大自然的情怀。三山亦为地点,旧说在金陵西南的江边。据《景定建康志》载:“其山积石森郁,滨于大江,三峰并列,南北相连,故号三山”。又据陆游太原配资的《入蜀记》载:“三山自石头及凤凰台望之,杳杳有无中耳,及过其下,则距金陵才五十余里。”陆游所说的“杳杳有无中”,恰好笺注说明了“三山半落”那若隐若现的景象描写。尤其是那江中的“白鹭洲”,横亘于金陵西长江里,竟把长江分割成为两半。于是,自然力的巨大、恢阔,赋予人以强健的气势,宽广的胸怀,也把人从历史的遐想中拉回现实,重新感受大自然的永恒无限。

  LIBAISUIRANJUYOUCHAOTUOCHENSUDELIXIANGYUANWANG,DANTADEXINQUESHIZHONGGUANQIEZHEXIANSHIZHENGZHIYUSHEHUISHENGHUO,YUSHIDANGTADUILISHIYUZIRANJINXINGQINQIEDEGUANGGUZHIHOU,YOUBAZIJIDEYANJINGZHUANXIANGXIANSHIZHENGZHI。TAJIMUYUANTIAO,SHITUCONGLIUCHAODEDIDOUFANGYANDAODANGSHIDEQUANLIZHONGXIN,YIJIZIJIDEXINZHISUOXIANGDESHOUDOUZHANGAN。RANERTADENULISHIBAILE,YUANYINSHI“ZONGWEIFUYUNNENGBIRI”,ZHIHAO“ZHANGANBUJIANSHIRENCHOU”。YUSHI,FUYUNYOUYOU,CHOUSIWUXIAN,ZHUANGZHINANCHOU,AIYUANRULV。ZAIZHEILILIBAIHUAYONGLELUJIA《XINYU》ZHONGDE“XIECHENZHIBIXIAN,YOUFUYUNZHIZHANGRIYUEYE”DESHUOFA,YONGLAIJIYUZIJIDENEIXINHUAIBAO。TADETONGKU,TADEJIERUCHOU,TADE“YUERTONGXIAOWANGUCHOU”DEQINGJIE,FANGFOYEJIURONGYILIJIE。TEBIESHIQIZHONGDE“ZHANGANBUJIAN”YOUNEIHANYUANWANGZHI“DENG”ZIYI,JIYUTIMUYAOXIANGHUYING,GENGBAWUXIANDEQINGSITUMODAOSHUITIANYISEDEDAJIANG、WEIEZHENGRONGDEQINGSHANYUCHENGCHEWUJIDETIANKONGDANGZHONG。ZHEIYANGXINZHONGQINGYUYANZHONGJINGYEJIUMANGMANGRANJIAOZHIZAIYIQI,YUSHISHANGUANGSHUISE,FASIGUZHIYOUQING,SIJIEQIANZAI;JIANGSHUITAOTAO,YINSHANGJINZHILIHEN,LIUYUNWUQIONG。

  LIBAISHITIANCAISHIREN,BINGQIESHISHUYUNEIZHONGCHONGMANCHUANGZAOTIANCAIDEDASHIREN。RANER,WEIDULIBAILINHUANGHELOUSHI,MEINENGJINQINGJINYI,“CHIZHI”QIANLI。YUANYINYEHENJIANDAN,SUOWEI“YANQIANYOUJINGDAOBUDE,CUIHAOTISHIZAISHANGTOU”。YINER,“ZHEXIANSHIREN”NANSHOU、BUGANXIN,YAOYUCUIHAOYIBIGAODI;YUSHITA“ZHIJINLING,NAIZUOFENGHUANGTAISHIYINIZHI”,ZHIDAOXIECHUKEYUCUIHAODE《HUANGHELOU》DENGLIANGQIGUANDE《DENGJINLINGFENGHUANGTAI》SHI,CAIKENBAXIU。

  ZHEISUIRANSHICHUANYAN,DANYETINGQIAQIELIBAIXINGGE。《DENGJINLINGFENGHUANGTAI》BODELE“YUCUIHAOHUANGHELOUXIANGSI,GELVQISHIWEIYIJIAYI”DEZANYANG。QISHI,LIBAIDE《DENGJINLINGFENGHUANGTAI》,CUIHAODE《HUANGHELOU》,TAMENTONGWEIDENGLINHUAIGUDESHUANGBI。

  李白《登金陵凤凰台》的艺术特点,首先在于其中所回荡着的那种充沛、浑厚之气。气原本是一个哲学上的概念,从先秦时代起就被广泛运用。随着魏晋时期的曹丕以气论文,气也就被当做一个重要的内容而在许多的艺术门类里加以运用。虽然,论者对气的理解、认识不完全相同,但对所含蕴的思想性情、人格精神与艺术情调,又都一致认同。李白《登金陵凤凰台》中明显地充溢着一股浑厚博大之气,它使李白观古阅今,统揽四海于一瞬之间,且超然物外,挥洒自如。浑厚博大之气使李白渊深的思想,高妙的见解,阔大的心胸,成为编织巨大艺术境界的核心与精神内含。就像透过“三山半落青天外,二水中分白鹭洲”的巨大立体时空,可以感受到历史的脉搏跳动与诗人的呼吸一样,通过李白的举重若轻,从容自在,以浩然雄大之气充塞整个诗歌境界的努力,也能更进一步感受到他整个诗歌以气夺人的艺术特点。

  LIBAI《DENGJINLINGFENGHUANGTAI》DEYISHUTEDIAN,YOUZAIYUDUISHIKONGGUANNIANDEWANMEIBIAODA。ZHEIJITIXIANZAIDUILISHIYUZIRANDERENSHISHANG,YETIXIANZAITAGOUZAOSHIKONGYISHUJINGJIEDEBIAODAFANGFASHANG。LIBAIQIANGDIAODEZIRANYONGHENGBUXIU,YIFANGMIANSHIXUANCHUANTADEYIZIRANWEIZHONGXINDE“WUWOWEIYI”DESHIJIEGUAN,LINGYIFANGMIANYESHIWEILEJIELULISHISHANGDETONGZHISHENHUA。YINWEICONGGUERLAI,JIHUSUOYOUDETONGZHIZHETAMENDOUXUANYANGZIJIDESHIDAIYONGCUNYUJINGSHENBUMIE,BINGQIEHAIBAZHEIYANGYIZHONGMOSHIGUANSHUDAORENMENDEYISHIXINGTAIDANGZHONG,SHIRENSHENXINBUYI。DANSHI,LIBAIZEDUICIBUYIWEIRAN。TARENWEIJIHUOSHIJIWEIQIANGYOULIDETONGZHIZHE,JIUXIANGQINSHIHUANG,TAKEYI“HUIJIANJUEFUYUN,ZHUHOUJINXILAI。MINGDUANZITIANQI,DALVEJIAQUNCAI”,RANERTAZHONGGUIYEYAO“DANJIANSANQUANXIA,JINGUANZANGHANHUI”(《GUFENG·QINWANGSAOLIUHE》),YANXIAOYUNSANSHIBUKEBIMIANDE。SUOYI,ZAILIBAIKANLAI,YUZHOUWANWUZHIZHONG,NENGGOUHUODEYONGHENGCUNZAIDEZHIYOUZIRAN。YIQIEDEFANHUAYUJIAOSHEYINYIDOUHUIYANXIAOYUNSAN;RUGUOSHUOTAMENHAICUNZAI,SIHUYEZHISHIZUOWEIZIRANDEFANCHENERCUNZAIDE。LINGWAI,LIBAIZAIBIAOXIANZIRANLILIANGDEXIONGDAYUBIANHUADESHIKONGGUANSHI,ZEXUANQULEZUIWEIDIANXINGDESHIWU,JI“SANSHANBANLUO”ZHIHUNMANGYU“ERSHUIZHONGFEN”ZHILIAOKUO,CONGERGOUZAOCHUKUODADEJINGJIE,BINGQIEBALISHIDEBIANQIAN,JISHIJIANDEGAIBIANYUDIDIANDEYIJIU,JIKONGJIANDEBUGAIZHENGTIDIBIAOXIANCHULAI,QIFARENMENZUOGENGSHENDESIKAO。

  LIBAI《DENGJINLINGFENGHUANGTAI》DEYISHUTEDIAN,HAIZAIYUBIEZHIZIRANDEQIANCIZAOJU。YOUYUSHIYIYUMUSHANHEWEIXIANSUO,YUSHIZHUIQIUQINGSUIJINGSHENG,YIXIANGXIECHENGYEJIUXIANDETEBIEZHONGYAO。“FENGHUANG”DEGAOFEIYU“FENGHUANGTAI”DE“KONG”,JIEJING、SHULANG,YUSHIRENXIAOSADEQIZHIHELVEDAIGANSHANGDEQINGHUAIXIANGYIZHI,QIEYIDAOBIDAO,CIYIQIHE,QIDAOLENEIWAIHUYINGDEZUOYONG。LINGWAI,ZHENGSHOU“DENGLIN”DENEIZAIJINGSHEN,YU“MAIYOUJING”“CHENGGUQIU”DELENGLUOQINGLIANG,YU“SANSHAN”“ERSHUI”DEZIRANJINGJIE,YUYOUCHANWEIJIDE“FUYUN”CHOUCHANGHEBUJIAN“ZHANGAN”WUNAIQILIANG,DOUBEIQIAQIEDEYUCILIANTIAOJINJINDIGOULIANZAIYIQI,CONGERDANGDEQI“GUJINTIYONG,WEIZHEXIANWEIJUECHANG”DEZANYU。

  LIBAI《DENGJINLINGFENGHUANGTAI》YISHI,YIQIKUANGDAGAOYUANYULVEDAIANDANSECAIDEYINYONG,CHENGWEIWENXUESHISHANGDUTEDEFENGHUANGYONGTANDIAO。

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